Eggs are an important source of high quality protein and vitamins needed for typical growth, especially for kids.
Using information supplied by the department of agriculture, we’ll reveal you how to develop, handle and preserve your own economical small egg production unit.
Later, you can increase the size of the unit in order to sell eggs in your neighborhood. The details offered is based upon poultry production in the warm to hot areas of South Africa.
How it works
You can supply eggs for your family by keeping nine to 12 hens. Each hen will lay up to six eggs per week. If you have nine hens, state, they will lay an overall of eight or 9 eggs per day. You will require to sell 4 eggs each day to pay for the feed of the hens.
The remaining eggs can be used for home usage. It’s finest to keep the hens in a cage. This will give you a little, more workable space that is easy to keep tidy, as the manure fails the mesh floor.
You can also see when the drinking water is completed.
The cage ought to be strong enough to carry nine to 12 hens. An excellent size is 120cm long by 70cm large by 45cm high, with three compartments.
You can buy one or make your own– ask your extension officer or a poultry manufacturer for guidance here. Put the cage on poles or bricks, or attach it to the wall of a home, hut or shed.
Hang it from ropes connected to poles. Use an overhang or a roofing system to secure the cage from sunlight directly overhead, in addition to rain.
In hot environments, you can keep 9 hens in a cage– 3 in each compartment. In this way there will be enough space for limited motion, and the birds can all get to the feed trough at once.
In cold climates, 4 hens can be kept in one compartment (an overall of 12), but then their movement will be very limited.
It’s best to purchase point-of-lay pullets (18 to 19 weeks old) that are all set to begin laying eggs. They need to be of excellent quality and fully vaccinated versus all known poultry illness.
The very best layer breeds are Amberlink or Hy-line. These will start laying within 2 weeks of being purchased (20 to 21 weeks of age).
Pullet eggs are small in the beginning, however they slowly increase in size. The variety of eggs laid peaks halfway through the year and then begins dropping.
The birds ought to be kept for one year and after that offered as cull hens. Hens that are older than a year lay fewer and less eggs, till they stop altogether.
They will, however, continue to consume the same amount of food, so your earnings will gradually drop till you can no longer afford to run your enterprise.
Prior to selling the hens for massacre, order brand-new pullets. Do this at least four months ahead of time. Start offering your old hens just once the new hens remain in production, specifically if you have standing orders with customers and do not want to dissatisfy them. The cash made from the old hens will spend for the new hens.
To lay well, the hens need to get the best possible feed. They need plenty of calcium to lay eggs with hard, strong shells.
It is best to purchase a great industrial feed such as laying mash or pellets. The mash is specially formulated to provide all the nutrients that hens need in the correct quantities.
Both feed and fresh, cool water needs to be available in the trough at all times.
Each hen will eat 120g to 150g of feed daily; some will be lost, landing on the floor.
One 50kg bag of feed will last about one month. Buy two months’ supply of feed before the hens arrive. Next problem: keeping records and dealing with disease.
Light ways laying
In order for the hens to lay as lots of eggs as possible, they must have 16 hours of light every day.This can quickly be achieved if you have electricity, because you can put the lights on prior to daybreak and let them remain on for a long time after sunset.
If you do not have electricity, the hens will not lay as numerous eggs as they would with the extra electrical light.
To get optimal egg production without electricity, position the cage outside where the hens can utilize natural light.
Do not put the cage in direct sunlight; the hens will get too hot and pass away. With 16 hours of light every day, each hen will lay about 280 eggs in a year. Without additional light, they will lay about 200 eggs.
Make more money
Fresh manure can be covered with a layer of sawdust, dried leaves, lawn or any other dry greenery every day. It will become great compost if turned routinely. This likewise assists to remove bad smells.
The manure can be sold in feed bags as organic fertilizer or garden compost for vegetable gardens.
Want to start your own egg farming business? See: layers chicken egg production business plan pdf